5th of May is one of the darkest days Kerala ever faced and suspecting that the Nipah started with taking the life of Muhammad Sabith from Perambra, Kozhikode. It’s been one year Kerala fought against the deadly virus Nipah.
Nipah virus is a zoonotic virus that is transmitted from animals to humans. Also, that can be transmitted directly between people or through fruits. The recent outbreak was reported in Perambra of Kozhikode district, Kerala. It took 4 lives away from one family only. The report says that 17 lives have been taken away, including the life of an “angel” nurse who sacrificed her life in the battle against Nipah. The spreading of the virus was controlled and stopped with the timely action by health care officials including nurses and doctors in Kozhikode under the health ministry of Kerala.
Beginning of Nipah
The infection was first identified in 1999 among pig farmers in Malaysia and Singapore. And found it is spreading to the people with close contact with pigs. Nearly 300 human cases were reported including 100 cases of death. This lead Malaysia to a tremendous trade loss as more than a million pigs was euthanized.
It is identified that the Nipah virus is spread by bats in Kerala. The enlightened Keralites and the health ministry created awareness about the virus and disease that helped to stop it at a minimal time. The people were well aware of Nipah and stopped eating fruits such as mangoes, guava etc that are common fruit bats also like. Medical staffs were well equipped and covered with special suits while treating the people affected.
- Fever and Headache
- Muscle aches
- Sore throat
- Acute respiratory syndrome
Prevention of Virus Infection
There is no such one-way solution to cure Nipah. But there are ways to prevent the virus. The main point is one must avoid date palm sap and any bats or potentially infected animals such as pigs.
The World Health Organisation suggests that not only the healthcare professionals but also butchers should wear protective clothes and gloves to avoid spreading the virus by close contact. The medical professionals must use barriers such as gloves, masks and disposable gowns as they are at the front line against the deadly diseases.