A headache that occurs on one side of your head. A headache that makes you irritated in all aspects. Migraine, a serious type of headache that troubles many. It is found that globally 15% of people are affected by migraines. If you are a person consistently attacked by migraine, don’t be late to consult a general physician doctor and take the required treatments.  Many doctors in Kozhikode are best in migraine treatments. Hospitals in Kozhikode like Aster MIMS, Baby Memorial Hospital, Fathima Hospital, National Hospital, Kozhikode Medical College, etc. provide good treatment for migraines.

Phases and Symptoms of Migraine

Migraines occur in four phases-Prodrome Phase, Aura Phase, Pain Phase, and Postdrome Phase. But it is found that not all people affected by migraines go through all these four phases.

Postdrome Phase:

The postdrome phase occurs in 60% of people with migraines. This phase occurs 2-3 days or some hours before the start of pain or aura. During this phase, one may experience mood changes, constipation, food cravings, neck stiffness, frequent yawning, increased thirst, and urination.

Aura Phase:

There are migraines with aura and without aura. About 15-30% of people with migraines experience migraines with aura. The aura may occur before or during migraines. This phase gradually develops and lasts for 20 to 60 minutes. Migraine aura includes vision loss, difficulty in speaking, seeing various shapes, bright spots, etc., numbness or weakness in face or on one side of the body, pins or needle sensations in arm or leg, and uncontrollable jerking or other movements.

Pain Phase:

This is the phase in migraine that can disturb you up to its peak. Migraine pain usually occurs on one side of your head and this will be disturbing, disgusting and irritating. If not treated, migraine pain can haunt you from 4 to 72 hours. The situation will be worse if you are included in any physical activity. Sensitivity to light, sound, smell, and touch, nausea and vomiting may also occur during this phase.

Postdrome Phase:

This phase occurs after the migraine attack. Some people may experience a sore feeling in the area where the pain occurred. Some other people may experience impaired thinking for a few days or hours after the pain has passed. Sudden head movement can again trigger the pain for a brief period.

Main Causes for Migraine

The causes of migraine are not completely known, but the following can play a vital role in causing migraines.

  • Genetics and environmental factors
  • Smoking Habits
  • Consumption of alcohol
  • Stress at work or home
  • Over consumption of sugary and salty foods
  • Change of weather
  • Less sleep or too much sleep
  • Intense physical activity
  • Sunlight and other bright lights
  • Loud sounds and strong smells
  • Hormonal changes in women

Treatments

Migraine treatments are mainly of two types- Medications for relief and Preventive Medications

Medications for relief:

These drugs are used when a migraine attack occurs and helps to stop the pain. It includes pain relievers, triptans, opioid medications, anti-nausea drugs, dihydroergotamines, etc.

Preventive Medications:

These drugs are taken regularly to reduce the intensity of migraines. It includes blood pressure-lowering medications, antidepressants, anti-seizure drugs, botox injections, CGRP (Calcitonin gene-related peptide) monoclonal antibodies, etc.

Other methods:

  • Do you know why exercise is a crucial asset to a healthy life? Regular exercise helps to reduce tension and ultimately helps to control migraines
  • Create a good and healthy sleep time table as less sleep or too much sleep is a factor leading to migraines
  • Always have healthy food. Reduce the consumption of salty, oily, and sugary foods that may lead to migraines
  • Drinking plenty of water may also help
  • Try to understand what triggers your migraine. If you know that perfectly, your doctor can do specific treatments according to that and hence can save you from migraines
  • Completely avoid smoking and alcohol consumption

Compared to earlier days, people with migraines are more at present. The overuse of electronic devices like mobile phones, laptops, tablets, etc. may be some of of the main reasons for that. A migraine victim can clearly understand the difficulties that occur as a result of migraines. You cannot work in your office properly, you cannot enjoy yourself with your family and friends, you cannot play the sport you like the most and yes you cannot and cannot. If not treated, migraines can even spoil all your dreams. So if you are affected with migraine, don’t waste your time go and consult a doctor and do the required treatments.

By admin

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