High fever, headache, nausea and vomiting, muscle pain and fatigue, shivering and sweating, abdominal pain, and coughing. Wondering what this is? These are the symptoms of Malaria, the deadly disease which took the lives of many years ago. But people of that time had no idea about the transmission of this killer disease. Here comes Dr Ronald Ross and he had something to do with this issue. Who is Dr Ronald Ross? What is the connection between Dr Ronald Ross and Malaria? This article will give you answers to all these queries.
Note: We recommend hospitals in Kozhikode such as Aster MIMS, Baby Memorial Hospital, Fathima Hospital, National Hospital, and Kozhikode Medical College etc for better Malaria treatment.
Who is Dr Ronald Ross?
Ronald Ross was a British doctor. He is famous for winning the Nobel prize for Physiology or Medicine in the year 1902. Ronald Ross was born on 13 May 1857 in Almora, India. He was the eldest son of Sir Campbell Claye Grant Ross, a general of the British army. Ronald Ross completed his school education from England. He was interested in Literature, Music, Poems, and Mathematics. He aimed to focus on one of these fields but due to his father’s wish Ronald Ross joined for Medicine in St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Medical College, London in 1874. Ross then worked as a ship surgeon on a transatlantic steamship. At the same time, he also studied for the license of the Society of Apothecaries.
Ross graduated in Medicine on his second attempt which allowed him to join the Army Medical School and eventually entered Indian Medical Service in September 1881. He then served the Indian Medicine in different postings for seven years. It was during this time he developed that Female Anopheles Mosquitos were behind the transmission of Malaria which ultimately helped him to win the Nobel Prize in 1902. In 1899, Ross resigned from Indian Medical Service and returned to England. There he became a lecturer at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine. Ronald Ross married Rosa Bessie Bloxam in the year 1889 and they had four children (two sons and two daughters). He died on 16 September 1932 due to long term illness combined with Asthma.
Connection Between Ronald Ross and Malaria:
If Malaria occurs today, yes we can control and cure it with appropriate treatments. But this was not the case years back. Malaria was known to be a dreaded disease that took the lives of many. The main issue was that people had no idea where this disease was coming from. So that people don’t know the precautions that they should take to protect themselves from Malaria. Here comes the role of Dr Ronald Ross. In 1892, he started his research on the deadly disease. With the guidance and assistance of Dr Patrick Manson, who is known as the father of tropical medicine, Ross continued his investigations.
After years of research and hard work, on 20 August 1897, the turning point occurred in Ross’s research. While dissecting the stomach of a female anopheles mosquito, which fed four days previously on a malarial patient, he found Plasmodium, the protozoan responsible for Malaria. This made him sure that female anopheles mosquito has a crucial role in spreading Malaria in humans. He continued his research using birds sick with Malaria. Through this process, he understood the entire life cycle of Plasmodium and also found out that the parasites are transmitted to mosquito’s salivary glands from the infected ones. Finally, all the hidden facts about Malaria are known to the public and hence they could take the necessary precautions. In 1902, Dr Ronald Ross won the Nobel Prize for this outstanding work.
Many in this world are known for their crucial contributions. Among them, Dr Ronald Ross will stand tall. Such is his contribution. Just imagine what would have been the situation if he didn’t discover the transmission method of Malaria? Worse, isn’t it? Yes, Malaria is a serious disease today also. But now we know that this disease is spread through the bite of female anopheles mosquitos and hence can take the required precautions. Dr Ronald Ross, the man that helped us in this. Undoubtedly, he will be remembered forever.
Note Visit GoMyHealth blog to know more about Malaria and other deadly diseases especially comes in monsoon or in the flood.