Diabetes is a condition of blood glucose commonly called blood sugar, that is rapidly increasing in our body and maintains this high level over a prolonged period. Blood glucose is the main source of energy in the human body that is usually absorbed from the food we consume. A hormone called Insulin that is made by Pancreas helps the glucose get into the cells. This glucose is transformed into energy. And this is why we are able to do things.
When our body doesn’t make or use of insulin, blood glucose increases in the blood and remain unused. An excessive amount of glucose in our blood causes serious health problems. It causes reduce energy level and low energy leads us to laziness and weakness at the first level. It can severely damage kidneys, eyes, nervous system and other body parts. Also, it can double the chances of heart attack and stroke.
Types of Diabetes
There are mainly two types of Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes occurs when your pancreas doesn’t produce insulin. Because your immune system attacks by mistake and destroys cells in the pancreas while fighting viruses or bacteria. As a result, the glucose in the blood can not get into the cells, increase the blood sugar level.
Type 1 Diabetes is usually found in children and teenagers. So it is also called as Juvenile diabetes. But, can appear at any age. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day. This injected insulin helps people to survive and the cells get glucose. Hence the glucose in the blood will be balanced. Even though the exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. Genetics and exposure to viruses and other environmental factors also can be the cause of diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes is the most common type, where the body denies both productions as well as the use of insulin. This is also the cause of an increased blood sugar level. Type 2 can make a different impact on people according to their age and some other factors such as the family history of a diabetic person, exercising regularly or not, etc. If you are at risk of type 2 diabetes, you may have to change your lifestyle to oppose it.
The symptoms that you may listen to;
- Being very thirsty
- Frequent Urination
- Extreme hunger
- Fatigue and weakness
- Unintended weight loss
- Having sores that heal slowly
- Irritability and other mood changes.
- Blurred vision
- Dental disease
- Having dry, itchy skin
- Losing the feeling in your feet or tingling in the feet
Consult your doctor if you find any of the above symptoms in you or in your loved ones.
Over time, diabetes is a life-threatening disease. It can affect major organs of the human body. One should maintain the healthy blood sugar level to reduce the risks. A diabetic person must watch their diet and avoid junk and sweet foods.
Let’s discuss some of the major complications of diabetes;
- Heart and Blood vessel diseases: Diabetes can harm our blood vessels and hence can cause chest pain, heart attack, stroke, and high blood pressure, etc.
- Damaging Nervous System: Excess amount of blood sugar can confuse the immune system and can damage our tiny blood vessels that nourish our nerves especially in the foot. This leads to numbness, tingling or pain in the feet. Also, losing the feeling in our feet
- Blur your Eyesight: Diabetes can damage the blood vessels in the retina and blurry eyesight. Eventually, it leads to blindness.
- Kidney Damage: We all know our kidney has a crucial role in the human system. Kidney purifies the blood that circulated throughout the body after losing oxygen in it. Diabetes affects the blood vessels in the kidney that carry blood and these lead to kidney failure.
- Foot Damage: Nerve damage in the feet causes tingling, numbness or severe pain and various complications. Sometimes cuts and blisters may lead to amputation.
- Skin and Dental Problems: Diabetes can cause skin, mouth and dental infections. Gum disease and dry mouth also the after effects.
- Pregnancy Complications: High blood sugar level during pregnancy is dangerous for both the mother and the baby. Uncontrolled blood sugar can lead to miscarriage, stillbirth and birth defects for the baby. For the mother, it can lead to eye problems, some kind of physical disabilities, etc.
Yet, Diabetes has no such known solution. Researchers are working on it. But one can lower the risk significantly by following the facts below;
- A healthy diet
- Exercise and Weight Control
- Take your recommended medicine on time
The longer we slave to diabetes, the more damage we make to our health. That’s why treatment is important at any age. GoMyHealth medical web directory provides details of top specialist doctors including diabetes doctors, oncologists, cardiologists, dentists, dietitians, and skin specialists, etc. Search and find the nearest doctors and consult if you have found any of the symptoms and keep your health as your most valuable wealth.